What is the difference between Lemma and Stem?

The difference between lemma and stem

is that "lemma" is a proposition proved or accepted for immediate use in the proof of some other proposition and "stem" is the stock of a family; a race or generation of progenitors.




  • (mathematics) A proposition proved or accepted for immediate use in the proof of some other proposition.
  • (linguistics, lexicography) The canonical form of an inflected word; i.e., the form usually found as the headword in a dictionary, such as the nominative singular of a noun, the bare infinitive of a verb, etc.
  • (psycholinguistics) The theoretical abstract conceptual form of a word, representing a specific meaning, before the creation of a specific phonological form as the sounds of a lexeme, which may find representation in a specific written form as a dictionary or lexicographic word.


  • (linguistics, lexicography: canonical form of a word): citation form


  • (linguistics, lexicography: canonical form of a word): non-lemma

Related terms

  • dilemma
  • lemmatic
  • lemmatical
  • lemmatically
  • sublemma
  • tetralemma
  • trilemma


  • The stock of a family; a race or generation of progenitors.
  • A branch of a family.
  • An advanced or leading position; the lookout.
  • (botany) The above-ground stalk (technically axis) of a vascular plant, and certain anatomically similar, below-ground organs such as rhizomes, bulbs, tubers, and corms.
  • A slender supporting member of an individual part of a plant such as a flower or a leaf; also, by analogy, the shaft of a feather.
  • A narrow part on certain man-made objects, such as a wine glass, a tobacco pipe, a spoon.
  • (linguistics) The main part of an uninflected word to which affixes may be added to form inflections of the word. A stem often has a more fundamental root. Systematic conjugations and declensions derive from their stems.
  • (typography) A vertical stroke of a letter.
  • (music) A vertical stroke marking the length of a note in written music.
  • (music) A premixed portion of a track for use in audio mastering and remixing.
  • (nautical) The vertical or nearly vertical forward extension of the keel, to which the forward ends of the planks or strakes are attached.
  • A component on a bicycle that connects the handlebars to the bicycle fork
  • (anatomy) A part of an anatomic structure considered without its possible branches or ramifications.
  • (chiefly British) A winder on a clock, watch, or similar mechanism


  • (music): tail; virgula (obsolete)


  • Where ye may all that are of noble ſtemm / Approach, and kiſs her ſacred veſtures hemm.
  • While I do pray, learn here thy stem / And true descent.
  • This is a stem / Of that victorious stock.
  • Wolsey sat at the stem more than twenty years.
  • After they are shot up thirty feet in length, they spread a very large top, having no bough nor twig in the trunk or the stem.
  • the stem of an apple or a cherry
  • Earless ghost swift moths become “invisible" to echolocating bats by forming mating clusters close above vegetation and effectively blending into the clutter of echoes that the bat receives from the leaves and stems around them.
  • She was perfectly, fuckably proportioned everywhere else, both above and below her waist. A pocket-size Venus, with the longest stems he’d ever seen on someone so dang diminutive.
  • Waves of ecstasy roll through him as the moustachioed Casanova slides his stem in and out of the spaced-out chick.


  • To remove the stem from.
  • To be caused or derived; to originate.
  • To descend in a family line.
  • To direct the stem (of a ship) against; to make headway against.
  • (obsolete) To hit with the stem of a ship; to ram.
  • To ram (clay, etc.) into a blasting hole.


  • (to originate, stem from): to be due to, to arise from


  • to stem cherries; to stem tobacco leaves
  • The current crisis stems from the short-sighted politics of the previous government.
  • As when two warlike Brigandines at sea, / With murdrous weapons arm’d to cruell fight, / Doe meete together on the watry lea, / They stemme ech other with so fell despight, / That with the shocke of their owne heedlesse might, / Their wooden ribs are shaken nigh a sonder […]