What is the difference between Ruffle and Pleat?

The difference between ruffle and pleat

is that "ruffle" is any gathered or curled strip of fabric added as trim or decoration and "pleat" is a fold in the fabric of a garment, usually a skirt, as a part of the design of the garment, with the purpose of adding controlled fullness and freedom of movement, or taking up excess fabric. There are many types of pleats, differing in their construction and appearance.

ruffle

pleat

Noun

  • Any gathered or curled strip of fabric added as trim or decoration.
  • Disturbance; agitation; commotion.
  • (military) A low, vibrating beat of a drum, quieter than a roll; a ruff.
  • (zoology) The connected series of large egg capsules, or oothecae, of several species of American marine gastropods of the genus Fulgur.

Synonyms

  • (strip of fabric): frill, furbelow

Exemple

  • She loved the dress with the lace ruffle at the hem.
  • Mind you, clothes were clothes in those days. […]  Frills, ruffles, flounces, lace, complicated seams and gores: not only did they sweep the ground and have to be held up in one hand elegantly as you walked along, but they had little capes or coats or feather boas.
  • to put the mind in a ruffle

Verb

  • (transitive) To make a ruffle in; to curl or flute, as an edge of fabric.
  • (transitive) To disturb; especially, to cause to flutter.
  • (intransitive) To grow rough, boisterous, or turbulent.
  • (intransitive) To become disordered; to play loosely; to flutter.
  • (intransitive) To be rough; to jar; to be in contention; hence, to put on airs; to swagger.
  • To make into a ruff; to draw or contract into puckers, plaits, or folds; to wrinkle.
  • To erect in a ruff, as feathers.
  • (military) To beat with the ruff or ruffle, as a drum.
  • To throw together in a disorderly manner.

Exemple

  • Ruffle the end of the cuff.
  • The wind ruffled the papers.
  • Her sudden volley of insults ruffled his composure.
  • [Finn] Russell created his side’s three first-half tries, ruffling a defence known for its composure, and dictated the match from the off.
  • the fantastic revelries […] that so often ruffled the placid bosom of the Nile
  • These ruffle the tranquillity of the mind.
  • She […] smoothed the ruffled seas.
  • But, ever after, the small violence done / Rankled in him and ruffled all his heart.
  • The night comes on, and the bleak winds / Do sorely ruffle.
  • On his right shoulder his thick mane ‘, / Ruffles at speed, and dances in the wind.
  • They would ruffle with jurors.
  • gallants who ruffled in silk and embroidery
  • [The swan] ruffles her pure cold plume.
  • I ruffled up fallen leaves in heap.

Noun

  • (sewing) A fold in the fabric of a garment, usually a skirt, as a part of the design of the garment, with the purpose of adding controlled fullness and freedom of movement, or taking up excess fabric. There are many types of pleats, differing in their construction and appearance.
  • (botany) A fold in an organ, usually a longitudinal fold in a long leaf such as that of palmetto, lending it stiffness.
  • A plait.

Verb

  • (transitive) To form one or more pleats in a piece of fabric or a garment.
  • To plait.