What is the difference between Slump and Depression?

The difference between slump and depression

is that "slump" is to collapse heavily or helplessly and "depression" is in psychotherapy and psychiatry, a state of mind producing serious, long-term lowering of enjoyment of life or inability to visualize a happy future.

slump

depression

Verb

  • (intransitive) To collapse heavily or helplessly.
  • (intransitive) To decline or fall off in activity or performance.
  • (intransitive) To slouch or droop.
  • (transitive) To lump; to throw together messily.
  • To fall or sink suddenly through or in, when walking on a surface, as on thawing snow or ice, a bog, etc.

Exemple

  • Exhausted, he slumped down onto the sofa.
  • “Heavens!" exclaimed Nina, “the blue-stocking and the fogy!—and yours are pale blue, Eileen!—you’re about as self-conscious as Drina—slumping there with your hair tumbling à la Mérode! Oh, it’s very picturesque, of course, but a straight spine and good grooming is better. […]"
  • Real estate prices slumped during the recession.
  • The Gunners captain demonstrated his importance to the team by taking his tally to an outstanding 28 goals in 27 Premier League games as Chelsea slumped again after their shock defeat at QPR last week.
  • These different groups […] are exclusively slumped together under that sense.
  • The latter walk on a bottomless quag, into which unawares they may slump.

Noun

  • A heavy or helpless collapse; a slouching or drooping posture; a period of poor activity or performance, especially an extended period.
  • A measure of the fluidity of freshly mixed concrete, based on how much the concrete formed in a standard slump cone sags when the cone is removed.
  • (Britain, dialect) A boggy place.
  • (Scotland) The noise made by anything falling into a hole, or into a soft, miry place.
  • (Scotland) The gross amount; the mass; the lump.

Exemple

  • MICHAEL. We’re in a slump, I know that.”

Noun

  • (psychology) In psychotherapy and psychiatry, a state of mind producing serious, long-term lowering of enjoyment of life or inability to visualize a happy future.
  • (geography) An area that is lower in topography than its surroundings.
  • (psychology) In psychotherapy and psychiatry, a period of unhappiness or low morale which lasts longer than several weeks and may include ideation of self-inflicted injury or suicide.
  • (meteorology) An area of lowered air pressure that generally brings moist weather, sometimes promoting hurricanes and tornadoes.
  • (economics) A period of major economic contraction.
  • (economics, US) Four consecutive quarters of negative, real GDP growth. See NBER.
  • The act of lowering or pressing something down.
  • (biology, physiology) A lowering, in particular a reduction in a particular biological variable or the function of an organ, in contrast to elevation.

Related terms

  • depress
  • depressant
  • depressing
  • depressive

Examples

  • I used to suffer from depression, but now I’m mostly content with my life.
  • It was not far from the house; but the ground sank into a depression there, and the ridge of it behind shut out everything except just the roof of the tallest hayrick. As one sat on the sward behind the elm, with the back turned on the rick and nothing in front but the tall elms and the oaks in the other hedge, it was quite easy to fancy it the verge of the prairie with the backwoods close by.
  • The Great Depression was the worst financial event in US history.
  • Depression of the lever starts the machine.